October protest demonstrations in Iraq (External causes and attitudes)

Professor Dr. Khamis Daham Hamid ,Athraa Muhammad Abdul Reda
Keywords: Protest, change, political quotas, crises, external interference, peaceful demonstration. ,


Despite the success of the power parties in vigorously aborting the protest
movement, its results remain dominated by Iraq's political scene, and the subject
of controversy and discussion within the institutional buildings, and its effects were
evident by influencing the legislative institution that has taken important decisions.
Perhaps the most important of these is changing the electoral system through
proportional representation to the system of the highest votes, which will inevitably
affect the drawing of an electoral map that differs from its predecessors, and with
the ruling parties' endeavors to make the electoral environment suitable for their
survival but this does not preclude or affect the continuation of the social act
refusing to remain at the top of the decision-making process, except for the
similarities between the 2013 and 2019 protests, uniting them in terms of
peacefulness and provocation of the authority, the 2013 protests were Sunni,
including the predominantly Sunni northern and western regions, and the 2019
protests were mainly Shiite youth, and thus demonstrated to the authority the
grievances of Iraqis far from their affiliation.