The Effectiveness of Laws and Empty Box Practices against Single Candidates: The Case of Simultaneous Pilkada in Indonesia

Ulya Kencana
Keywords: legal effectiveness, empty box, single candidate, pilkada ,


The practice of empty boxes that occurred in the Pilkada shows the effectiveness of
the regulations that govern it. In the Pilkada Law, this practice is allowed because only one
candidate exists. Existing studies still focus on empty boxes as issues of law, democracy,
politics, culture, and sociology. This study takes another side that has not been widely
studied, where the practice of empty boxes against a single candidate is seen from the
perspective of its legal effect, which is based on the rule of law, and sociological and
psychological factors of the voting community. The study of documents and literature are
used to build analysis, as shown in this paper. The data is grouped and then analyzed to
explain the practice of empty boxes in the Pilkada. This study clearly shows the effectiveness
of the law governing the practice of empty boxes in the Pilkada. In other words, every
election period during the pre-covid-19 pandemic increased, and there was one victory for
the empty box, based on sociological, psychological factors, and community social
movements. In the future, political literacy for the wider community needs to be carried out
by emphasizing awareness of the importance of Pilkada and for parties of the importance of
cadres to produce new leader candidates so that people do not have to deal with empty
boxes even though the practice has a legitimate legal basis