Certification of People's Oil Palm Plantations as a Model of Sustainable Plantation Management

Sukamto Sukamto ,Erdi Erdi ,Rupita Rupita ,Herlan Herlan ,Yulianti Yulianti
Keywords: Oil Palm, Global Governance , Good Practice Agriculture (GAP), ISPO Certification . ,


The cultivation and production of oil palm plantations can have serious negative impacts regarding environmental sustainability. Certification of palm oil production and trading governance is a global effort (global governance) to address these governance issues. The purpose of this study is to 1) provide recommendations for strengthening and accelerating ISPO implementation; 2) study of the benefits of ISPO implementation for farmers; 3) building and developing systems and incentive mechanisms for efforts to accelerate the implementation of ISPO certification . This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach. The results of the research show that the stages in ISPO implementation have not yet been started; caused by several things; namely (1) land status that is not yet clear and clean; and even contains land conflicts (2) the origin of the seeds is unclear and cannot be cleared up through STDP; (3) it is difficult to unite farmers in one farmer group due to the fact that the plantations are not in the same area; (3) certification is not considered important because it does not have any consequences for farmers; (4) there are gardens that are damaged so as not to make farmers passionate; (5) certification financing that is not available on the part of farmers; and (6) the farmers' struggle is more focused on fighting for the price of FFB so that it can be sent directly to the PKS through farmer groups or KUD. Therefore; certification is not yet a priority and farmers need initiation from the government; including through policies that provide incentives in managing certification and plantation revitalization.