Development Of A Psychospiritual-Based Tot Model To Treat Oppositional Defiant Disorder Children

Keywords: Oppositional Behavior, Training of Trainers (ToT), Psychospiritual. ,


Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a persistent pattern of negativistic, hostile and defiant behavior without any serious violation of social norms or the rights of others. The most common symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder include the following: frequently losing control, frequently arguing with parents, frequently actively defying or refusing to comply with parental requests or rules, often deliberately doing other things to annoy others, and frequently blaming others because of his own fault. Treatment so far has emphasized more on changing children's behavior and has not paid attention to the psychospiritual aspects needed in dealing with children with resistive behavior disorder. This article aims to convey thoughts regarding the development of a psychospiritual-based ToT (Training of Trainer) model to treat children with symptoms of resisting behavior. Providing lifelong learning services to the community, various concepts regarding non-formal education have arisen to be held, many parties are discussing non-formal education which is considered as education that is able to solve various problems of community education services, one of which is with training activities. to acquire knowledge or skills. While spirituality itself is a way, related to certain emotions or behaviors and attitudes of an individual. Being spiritual means being open, giving, and lovi.