Discerning the Effects of Marxism with special Reference to the protagonist in the Mohsin Hamid’s “Moth Smoke

Dr Anshika Makhijani
Keywords: stratification, socio-political, bourgeoisie, subjugated, superiority ,


Class stratification is the most inquisitive social factor which is produced by economic status of the people. These economic issues reveal class separations which form and alter the characters in Mohsin Hamid’s important novel ‘Moth Smoke’. The undertaken research tends to explore the socio-political and economic conditions of the society. The inherent conflict between Air conditioned and non-Air-conditioned groups will be demonstrated. To analyse and reveal the impacts of   Marxism  on characters of Moth Smoke by(Hamid, 2000) is the chief purpose of this research. The undertaken novel sheds light on the division of people into two groups: the upper class and the lower class. Hamid (2000) highlights the real picture of the Pakistani society in the modern era through the behaviour of the characters in the novel. Daru represents the lower class and Ozi is the representative of the upper class. The suffering of the lower class and the superiority of the upper class will be explored in this conducted research. The theory of Marxism will be applied. The research will be qualitative in approach and study will employ secondary data. The story of repressed and subjugated finds voices for advocating its cause in the ideology of Marxism which implores their case by declining and snubbing the power, control and strength of bourgeoisie in the economic, political and capitalistic domain which blesses the proletariats a sound situation to survive and thrive in a classless society. The findings of the paper suggest that socioeconomic and political system reinforces the bourgeoisie and breaks the back of the isolated and distressed.  The need is to narrow down the gap existed between both groups.  All human beings are created equally. So, they should be given equal chances to thrive in the society irrespective to the differences in social groups. It is the aim of the undertaken research that all people should enjoy the equal chances of prosperity.