Digital Transformation of Higher Education in Palestine: Employment, Obstacles, and Trends
Keywords:Digital Transformation, Higher Education, Technology Employment, Digital Obstacles
The purpose of this study is to investigate the digital transformation of higher education in Palestine, to determine the level of faculty use of digital technologies at Palestinian universities, and to identify trends and obstacles. A descriptive-analytic approach was used to achieve the study's purposes. A survey was given to a stratified sample of 300 participants.
The results showed that the use of digital technology by teachers in Palestinian universities was moderate, with an average score of 3.40. And with a mean of 2.47, which means that the university teachers did not use digital technologies. The results also showed a number of obstacles to the use of digital technologies at Palestinian universities, most notably the infrastructure of such universities, which only met minimal requirements for using technology in education. The curriculum's structure for higher education is also shown to be inappropriate with the digital technology used in Palestinian universities.
The researchers conclude that the university curriculum to effectively handle digital technologies should be updated. This includes training the teaching staff, developing the technical infrastructure, introducing ethics into the educational process, and considering other evaluation methods instead of exams.