The Effect of Non-Formal Education (NFE) Programs Through Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem on The Level of Elderly Depression
Keywords:Non-Formal Education Programs; Elderly; Depression; Life Satisfaction; Self Esteem
Old age is a period of development in the final stage experienced by humans, accompanied by a decrease in psychological, physical, and social conditions that interact with each other. The elderly in Indonesia are increasing in number. This encourages the government to provide educational services for the elderly to maintain health and welfare and improve their quality of life. The elderly education program is a non-formal education based on family and community order. This research uses a quantitative approach with descriptive quantitative research methods. The subjects of this study were the elderly, at least 60 years old as many as 50 people who participated in Community Learning Center (PKBM) in the East Jakarta area. This study used a type of research instrument: a questionnaire. The data analysis technique uses a linear regression test in path analysis. The results of this study show that the elderly non-formal education program has a positive and significant influence on reducing the level of depression of the elderly, which is mediated by the life satisfaction and self-esteem of the elderly.