Versita

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN STRENGTHENING LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ENTERING THE ERA OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0

Abdul Nadjib
Keywords: Social capital, industrial revolution 4.0, local government ,

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of social capital in
strengthening local governments entering the era of the industrial revolution
4.0. in Indonesia the major changes in the impact of the entry of advanced
technology of the industrial revolution 4.0 which so quickly caused stuttering
and insecurity of local governments in dealing with it. Limited human resource
capacity, availability of network infrastructure, and readiness in the adoption
of advanced technology are still "homework" that must be completed
immediately by most local governments in Indonesia. It is feared that the
progress and openness offered by advanced technology in the industrial
revolution 4.0 can actually disrupt local governments themselves and further
have an impact on the inoptimality of local governments in organizing
government, development, community empowerment, and public services.
Therefore, local governments are required to optimize the existing local
potential in order to jointly be able to complete the "homework" properly and
wisely. One of the potentials and local wisdom that exists and is inherent in
the region is social capital. This research methodology applies a descriptive
qualitative approach (qualitative descriptive research). Researchers seek to
describe, analyze attitudes, perceptions, and thoughts about the role of social
capital in strengthening local governments entering the era of the industrial
revolution 4.0 in the regions by conducting literature studies. The conclusions
in this study show that social capital has not been able to fully strengthen local
governments in entering the era of the industrial revolution 4.0. The role of
social trust capital and social interaction has not been able to provide positive
reinforcement for local governments in entering the era of the industrial
revolution 4.0. Meanwhile, reciprocal social capital and norms can providepositive strengthening of local governments entering the era of the industrial
revolution 4.0. The implications of this study show that local governments in
Indonesia need a longer time and greater costs in preparing themselves to
enter the era of the industrial revolution 4.0