This research, tagged with (Punitive Policy in Law No. 26 of 2013, is an analytical study), deals with an important and vital topic of criminal law jurisprudence, related to the punitive criminal policy of the Iraqi legislator in Law No. 26 of 2013 related to the protection of doctors, because the legislator relies on a successful criminal punitive policy in this law will inevitably lead to ensuring a degree of appropriate protection for this important segment of society in order to give them a measure of freedom in practicing Their lofty work away from fears of attacks or illegal clan claims, where we divided the study into two demands, the first of which came under the title What is the punitive policy In it, we discussed the concept of punitive policy and its stages of development In general, within the framework of the first section of it, while the areas of punitive policy were addressed in the second section of it. As for the second requirement, we devoted it to addressing the policy of punishment in the Iraqi Doctors Protection Law, and in its framework, the penalties imposed by the legislator were reviewed. on the manifestations of criminal behavior that fall under the criminalization provisions contained in this law, and we have concluded from this that the legislator has considered The crime of clan claim is a misdemeanor in the first section, while in the second section, the policy of Punishment was discussed in the second crime, represented by images of assaulting doctors, which the legislator referred to the texts of Articles (229-233) of the Iraqi Penal Code regarding the penalties imposed on those who assault a doctor, which criminal behavior expands to They include several forms, the most important of which are insulting the doctor, assault, resistance and intentionally preventing him from performing his job duties, all of which also fall under the type of misdemeanor as well. Let us end our research after that with a conclusion that includes our conclusions and recommendations.