Versita

The Spatial Variation of the Aspects of Environmental Pollution in Al-Hilla City and its Environmental Effects

Zahraa Qasim Lafta ,Asst. Prof. Dr. Mahmoud Mohamed Hassan Al-Shamry

Abstract

The study coped with the environmental effects of visual pollution and how it varied spatially throughout Al-Hilla city. It is one of the most significant and severe issues the city faces, that people coexist with, and become accustomed to, and accept as part of daily life rather than experiencing it firsthand. This pollution occurs as a result of human activities which leads to the weakening of the aesthetic view inside a city. The study relied on field work to measure the degree of visual pollution through a variety of characteristics, including photographs and the distribution of questionnaires in the form of a random sample, in order to achieve its objectives. A questionnaire form reached (970) that included all neighborhoods of Al-Hilla city and revealed the extent of the problem of visual contrast in the city. The study also relied on three main aspects to know the aspects of visual pollution, which were (visual pollution of the urban pattern, visual pollution and heterogeneity of the street scene, and the environmental appearance of visual pollution). These aspects were based on (28) indicators to determine the causes of pollution in residential neighborhoods in Al-Hilla city, and then arrive at the extent of the problem affecting the city, which hardly any place is devoid of the aspects of visual pollution. One of the greatest methods to address the issue of visual pollution and lessen its effects is to apply regulations to all facets of society and implement the notion of levying penalties on those who produce it.