The current study aims to identify the social challenges of rehabilitating the families of those convicted of terrorism, where the importance of the research is one of the important methodological steps in social studies, as it represents the extent of the researcher's comprehension of the studied phenomenon, the importance of the subject in social life and the negative effects it can leave in society. There is no doubt that the period of occupation ISIS for three provinces and parts of two other provinces left many challenges, especially the social challenges for the families of those convicted of terrorism, and this by its nature resulted in many social, economic, political and cultural problems.
The researcher reached the following results:
- Most of the respondents in the Habbaniyah camp are women and children whose family members belonged to ISIS, where their percentage reached (57.5%) compared to men and youth.
- It was found that most of those in the camp suffer from low levels of education, where the percentage of illiteracy, writing and primary (67.5%).
- The field study showed that most of the sample members suffer from poverty and material deprivation, and that their income is less than the need, at a rate of (68.75%).
- It was found that there is a not small percentage of individuals headed by women, at a rate of (32.5%).
- It was found from the field study that more of those who belonged to ISIS gangs from the family are the father, husband and brother, compared to the rest of the family members, and their percentage reached (72.5%).