Victimology is an interdisciplinary field of study of victims of Crime or other trauma. Victimology appeared in the world in the mid-twentieth century, when researchers became interested in the victim aspects and Victimization of crime research. In the world, Victimology is very interesting in research, but in Vietnam, this field is still relatively fresh and has not been paid attention to its deserving importance. The article introduces an overview of the history, direction, and object of research in Victimology, as well as a brief overview of the current situation of anthropology research in Vietnam. On that basis, the author gives suggestions for the future study of Victimology in Vietnam.