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THE WEB OF THE EU’S NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY: BETWEEN BILATERALISM AND MULTILATERALISM

Sima Rakutienė

Abstract

This article examines the divergence in the EU‘s strategies towards neighbours. The goal is to connect different EU neighbourhood initiatives into one framework in making a correlation between national and supranational levels. The distinction between bilateralism/multilateralism and Russia inclusion/Russia exclusion is made within both levels. The division is between European Neighbourhood policy and Eastern Partnership (within bilateral framework) on the one hand, and Northern dimension initiative and Black Sea Synergy on the other. These different EU‘s strategies towards neighbours reflect contradictory EU development models. The argument is made that national preferences and interests precondition a variety of the EU‘s neighbourhood initiatives and create a web in EU‘s neighbourhood policy that is filled with many contradictions.