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PROTECTING THE RIGHT TO EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE IN THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND COLLECTIVE COMPLAINT PROCEDURE

Jenna Uusitalo
Keywords: Collective Complaint Procedure, Emergency Medical Service, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, European Social Charter, Human Rights ,

Abstract

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is generally described as the most effective human rights protection mechanism. While the jurisdiction of the Court is limited to civil and political rights, the protection of socio-economic rights at the Council of Europe is sought primarily through the Collective Complaint Procedure (CCP). Such a distinction reflects the traditional perception of human rights, according to which the protection of socio-economic rights has been regarded as inferior to first-category human rights. However, analysis of the ECtHR and CCP from the viewpoint of emergency medical service illustrates that, contrary to the prevailing understanding, both mechanisms do provide equally effective protection for claims concerning the right to emergency health care.